Seminari del Dipartimento

 

Fisica Matematica

Symmetry breaking and structure of minimizers for local/nonlocal interaction functionals

Prof.ssa S. Daneri


22-10-2019 - 14:30
Largo San Leonardo Murialdo,1 - Pal.C - Aula 311

 

In this talk I will review some recent results obtained in collaboration with E. Runa and A. Kerschbaum on the one-dimensionality of the minimizers of a family of continuous local/nonlocal interaction functionals. Such functionals have a local term, typically the perimeter or its Modica-Mortola approximation, which penalizes interfaces, and a nonlocal term favouring oscillations which are high in frequency and in amplitude. The competition between the two terms is expected by experiments and simulations to give rise to periodic patterns at equilibrium.
Functionals of this type are used  to model pattern formation, either in material science or in biology. The difficulty in proving the emergence of such structures is due to the fact that the functionals are symmetric with respect to permutation of coordinates, while minimizers are not. We will present results showing that for two classes of functionals (used to model generalized anti-ferromagnetic systems, respectively  colloidal suspensions), both in sharp interface and in diffuse interface models, minimizers are one-dimensional and periodic, in general dimension. In the discrete setting such results had been previously obtained by Giuliani and Seiringer.
org: GIULIANI Alessandro

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